Most of the energy used in everyday activities is the result of the combustion of fossil fuels. Those processes generate a significant amount of greenhouse gases, which greatly contribute to the dramatic deterioration of living conditions around the glove. Greenhouse gases are also the main factor behind the global warming. A certain climate disaster in the future is set to happen, unless we drastically limit the emission of those gases. This process of changing to environment-friendly technologies is called industrial decarbonization, and the usage of hydrogen plays a critical role here. Soon it is to become a foundation for the new modern economies within the European Union.
Hydrogen is the key factor that will enable the transformation of the current fossil fuel-based system to a fully zero emission one. It is a clean, sustainable, and flexible way of converting electricity into a chemical energy carrier, with a wide spectrum of usage: from transportation, to heating, and heavy industry. Hydrogen fuel can also serve as an excellent energy storage.
The actual process of converting hydrogen fuel into electricity being with innovative fuel cells. Since conversion is done in real time, it does not require any batteries for storage. Hydrogen- powered vehicles completely negate the problem with battery disposal – one of the main cause of environmental decline on Earth. Hydrogen is the most common and abundant chemical element in the entire universe. As a resource, it is inexhaustible and its usage is completely neutral to the environment, leaving its natural resources unscathed. The only by- product of hydrogen combustion is water.
Poland is a crucial hydrogen producer, being responsible for 14% of hydrogen originating from Europe. Currently the total annual production of hydrogen in Poland equals about 1 million tonnes – enough to power 5 million hydrogen-fueled cars. The wide use of hydrogen, especially hydrogen produced from renewables, contributes to building a sustainable economy, independent of external fossil-fuel providers. With the hydrogen technologies becoming more popular within the EU and around the world, Poland is set to strengthen its export potential and become the main producer of hydrogen.
Hydrogen-powered vehicles are emission-free, quiet, and do not generate vibrations. With a single refuel, which takes no more than 10 minutes, they are able to travel around 350 km. Currently there is estimated 800 hydrogen- powered cars and 200 hydrogen-buses travelling within the EU alone. This number is still rising, as the automotive industry shifts its strategies towards hydrogen solutions. You can find a wide range of different vehicles powered exclusively with hydrogen: industrial vans, city buses, and even smaller motor vehicles like forklift trucks. As the European Union focuses more on environmentally friendly public transport, more countries are set to introduce clean transport zones. Hydrogen-powered vehicles are to dominate those zones, with necessary refuelling hydrogen infrastructure becoming a new standard. The whole process of switching to zero-emission transport by local authorities is to be supported with national and European subsidy programs.